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          2020年國家公務員考試常識積累:四大譴責小說你知道幾部?

          http://www.9999gx.com       2019-08-13 09:44      來源:公考通
          【字體: 】              

            2020年國家公務員考試行測常識判斷考點范圍很廣,一般包括政治、法律、經濟、人文、地理、科技、生活等方面,需要小伙伴們長時間不間斷的積累。今天公考通(www.9999gx.com)小編梳理了四大譴責小說,你知道幾部?希望考生能夠掌握。


            概念由來


            魯迅認為的晚清四大譴責小說是中國清末4部譴責小說的合稱 。即李寶嘉(李伯元)的《官場現形記》、吳沃堯(吳趼人)的《二十年目睹之怪現狀》、劉鶚的《老殘游記》、曾樸的《孽海花》。


            1、《官場現形記》


            時間:清末


            作者:李寶嘉


            評價:全面揭露諷刺了晚清官場的腐敗,筆鋒所及,上自軍機大臣、總督、巡撫,下至道臺、知縣乃至典史小官,惟妙惟肖地勾勒出他們賣官鬻爵、克扣軍糧、吞沒賑款、販賣人口等穢行丑聞。期間也反映了帝國主義對中國的侵略和人民群眾自發的反抗斗爭。在一定程度上觸及了當時社會的主要矛盾,但又把挽救中國的希望寄托在官場中所謂“理想”的封建官僚身上,在思想上表現出改良主義傾向 。


            2、《二十年目睹之怪現狀》


            時間:清末


            作者:吳沃堯


            評價:全書以主人公“九死一生”的經歷為主要線索,從他為父親奔喪開始,到經商失敗結束,通過“九死一生”二十年間的遭遇和見聞,描述了日益殖民地化的中國封建社會的政治狀況、道德面貌、社會風尚以及世態人情,揭露了晚清社會和封建制度行將滅亡、無可挽救的歷史命運。


            3、《老殘游記》


            時間:清末


            作者:劉鶚


            評價:這篇小說以一位走方郎中老殘的游歷為主線,對社會矛盾開掘很深,尤其是他在書中敢于直斥清官(清官中的酷吏)誤國,清官害民,獨具慧眼地指出清官的昏庸常常比貪官更甚。同時,小說在民族傳統文化精華提煉、生活哲學及藝術、女性審美和平等人物心理及音樂景物描寫等多方面皆達到了極其高超的境界。


            4、《孽海花》


            時間:清末


            作者:曾樸


            評價:小說采用隱喻的手法,以蘇州狀元金汮和名妓傅彩云的經歷為線索,展現了同治初年至甲午戰爭三十年中國社會政治文化生活的歷史變遷。書中筆墨最為集中也最成功的是對封建知識分子與官僚士大夫的刻畫,突出虛偽造作和庸腐無能。


            刷題鞏固


            1、下列關于文史知識的表述不正確的是(   )


            A. “及笄”是指女子十五歲


            B. 鄉試第一名稱為“會元”


            C. “五經”指《詩經》、《尚書》、《禮記》、《易經》和《春秋》


            D. 晚清四大譴責小說包括《官場現形記》、《二十年目睹之怪現狀》、《老殘游記》和《孽海花》


            【解析】B。鄉試第一名稱“解元”;會試第一名稱“會元”;殿試第一名稱“狀元”。因此,選擇B選項。


            A項:女子十五歲稱及笄之年,形容古代女子已到了結婚的年齡。


            C項:“四書五經”中《大學》《中庸》《論語》《孟子》為“四書”。


            D項:晚清四大譴責小說是對當時腐朽社會的抨擊。



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